APRA and AMCOS distribution schedules. Some foreign royalties are paid at different time of the year, view the foreign distribution schedule here.
For more specific Information, please contact the Member Services Team.
A: It is best to have a clear written agreement that states the nature of your collaboration. See Working with Co-Writers (pdf)
A: You can register the name as a business name through the New Zealand Companies Office, not with APRA. You may also wish to consider registering the name as a trademark, although this is a costly and more lengthy process.
All TV and radio stations are required to be licensed with APRA, with their annual licence fee being 2.6% of their advertising revenue (or other income). The licence requires that the stations pay an annual licence fee to APRA and provide information to us regarding the music that is broadcast. The value of the licence fee will determine how we can monitor the stations, and how the stations report the music broadcast to APRA.
Royalties are only payable, when the details are reported to us by the broadcaster and are paid on a six monthly basis. APRA’s royalty distributions are in May and November, with royalties from broadcasts during January to June being paid the November distribution, and royalties from broadcasts during July to December being paid in the May distribution.
If you would like us to check specific details of your broadcasts, please confirm the titles of the works broadcaster, the name of the broadcaster and the dates of broadcast.
Yes, in most cases they can. The venue in which the band plays must hold an APRA licence; it is not the responsibility of the individual bands. The APRA licence gives the venue a blanket licence to authorise the performance of all copyright music.
It depends. Unfortunately, there are many illegal download services (including P2P services) – for example, Limewire, eDonkey and mp3fiesta – which are unlicensed. You should not expect to receive royalties from the use of your music on these sites or services.
If the digital music service is licensed by APRA|AMCOS then there are two types of royalties that you may be entitled to. Firstly, there's the communication royalty collected by APRA for the making available online and/or electronic transmission of the work to the customer's computer. Secondly, a reproduction royalty is also generated and collected by AMCOS covering the reproduction of the song to the customer's hard drive or mobile phone.
For APRA|AMCOS to collect and distribute these royalties on your behalf, you will need to be a member of both APRA and AMCOS. You can help APRA|AMCOS by ensuring that you register your new works before they are sold on the internet and by always listing the name of your recording act when registering.
Generally speaking, whoever authorises the making of the CD is liable to each songwriter on the recording for the payment of mechanical royalties – i.e. royalties generated from the manufacture of the CD. Normally, this will be the band that has recorded the CD, or their record label (sometimes it may be their distributor).
If you are not an AMCOS (Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners Society) member, or your works are not represented by an AMCOS member (e.g. a music publisher), then you can collect these directly from the record company or the artist as the case may be. Or, you can choose to become a member of AMCOS and APRA|AMCOS will then seek to collect the royalties on your behalf (subject to any prior arrangements you may have made).
More information on AMCOS membership.
If all the tracks on the CD are your originals and you are not an AMCOS member, or your works are not represented by an AMCOS member, the answer is no. If however:
you must obtain a licence from AMCOS to manufacture the relevant number of copies of the CD. Find out more in Making Recordings.
Yes. You will need to obtain an AMCOS licence if you want to make a recording of a song composed by another writer. Find out more in Making Recordings.
A: Disputes over royalty entitlements are expensive, time consuming and often left unresolved. APRA is concerned about such disputes between its members and has established an Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) system to assist both Writer and Publisher members.
A: APRA has a Complaints Handling Policy and Procedure that will ensure that any complaints received by APRA|AMCOS are handled in an efficient, transparent and fair manner. Click here to read our Complaints Procedure.
Yes you can. For further information, go to APRA's Opt-out and Licence Back provisions.
Yes. As a member of AMCOS you have various opt out and licence-back arrangements available to you, which may be able to meet your needs. Please contact your APRA|AMCOS writer services representative to discuss in more detail.
Composer writes the music. Author writes the lyrics.
APRA’s payments do not include tax. However, with-holding tax will be deducted from earnings generated outside New Zealand. Any with-holding tax deductions will be indicted on your remittance advice provided with your royalty statements. Please note, we understand in regard to tax returns, that our members should report their royalties as income received and the with-holding tax deductions, as tax paid. If you need any further advice, we would suggest you contact an accountant or the IRD.
APRA members are able to supply APRA NZ Limited with a tax invoice for the goods and services tax (GST) on the royalties earned within New Zealand, which we will then process for payment. Please note for writer members you need to be individually registered for GST, and for publisher members, your company will need to be registered for GST, in order for us to administer an invoice.
Also, we now have approval from the Inland Revenue Department to issue Buyer Created Tax Invoices (BCTI's) for the royalties and the GST. This will automate the process of receiving payment for GST on royalties for you. If you would like a BCTI agreement sent to you or if you have any further questions about claiming GST, please contact us.
To change the writer details for any works that are registered with us, we need written confirmation from all the writers on the existing registration. Generally writers will create a letter outlining the details to amend, and include the signatures of all the writers, rather than providing separate letters from each writer. The letter should also clarify if the update requires previous royalties to be adjusted, or whether the changes affect future royalties only. If everyone is in agreement, then we can update the works, and if there are any royalties to adjust we will process the adjustments as well.
Whether royalties are payable from websites will depend how your music is being used, and also whether royalties are payable by APRA, AMCOS or both organisations. Whether your music is being performed on a website, or available as a download from a website, will affect the type of royalties payable. The website will also be required to have the appropriate licence(s) in place with APRA|AMCOS. You will need to be a member of both APRA and AMCOS to receive these royalties. If you have any further queries regarding the use of your music on websites, please contact Petrina George: email@example.com
If your music is being used as ringtones, you can receive royalties from both APRA and AMCOS, which is for the performance and reproduction of your music, respectively. You will need to be a member of both APRA and AMCOS to receive these royalties. For any royalties to be payable, the ringtone provider will need to have an APRA|AMCOS licence in place. If you have any further queries regarding ringtones, please contact Petrina George: firstname.lastname@example.org
AMCOS, traditionally on behalf of music publishers, administers the “mechanical” reproduction right in New Zealand and Australia. The mechanical right essentially refers to the reproduction of music onto CD for sale to the public but also increasingly includes other kinds of reproductions as well, such as reproduction into television programs, digital uploads to and downloads from the internet, incorporation and download of music in mobile telephone ringtones and so on.
AMCOS has to date only admitted music publishers as members. This was because most mechanical rights were owned or controlled by music publishers. As a result, those writers that were not represented by music publishers (i.e. unpublished writers) either administered these rights themselves or in some cases appointed APRA as their agent to do so. With the significant changes that have taken place in the business recently AMCOS has now changed its constitution to permit individual writers to join AMCOS directly as full members.
If your works are being reproduced, and you are not represented by a music publisher, you should consider becoming a member of AMCOS. By becoming an AMCOS member, you will allow AMCOS to administer your mechanical rights in New Zealand and throughout the world, which includes the distribution of mechanical royalties to you.
You can join AMCOS anytime & it's easy click here for more information.
The royalties generated from the sale of recordings is not payable by APRA and is the responsibility of the record companies. Ideally you should receive these royalties direct from the record companies, with the details of the payments confirmed in an agreement with them. However, you could also seek the assistance of a music publisher or become an AMCOS member to administer this income for you as well. If you would like information about AMCOS membership posted to you, please let me know.
Our friends at NZ Musician Magazine run classifieds for just such things, pick up the latest copy or visit www.nzmusician.co.nz
See our Copyright Frequently Asked Questions on everything to do with copyright. If you cannot find your answer in here contact Member Services.
Please read the full Publishing Fact Sheet (pdf). If you have any further questions about publishing, contact Members Services.
Please see our FAQs page on copyright >>
Again, please see the copyright FAQs >>
No. APRA|AMCOS' role is to ensure composers/songwriters and publishers are rewarded whenever, and wherever, their musical works are played, performed or reproduced. Promoting your music is a role normally performed by music publishers or by songwriters themselves. For more information about publishing, please see the publishing fact sheet »
The copyright of a recorded song has two elements; the sound recording and the musical work. The sound recording information relates to the Artist/performer and the record label involved in the recording and production of a song, the performance royalties for sound recordings are collected and paid by PPNZ, and the mechanical (sale) royalties are collected and paid by RIANZ or record companies. The musical work information relates to the songwriter (which can be someone different to the performer) and their publisher; the performance royalties for musical works are collected and paid by APRA and the mechanical royalty is collected by either AMCOS, the publisher or the songwriter.
Please see our copyright FAQs for further information on sound recording and musical work copyrights>>
No. APRA|AMCOS have reciprocal agreements with societies in most territories around the world. If your music is performed publicly or communicated in a foreign territory, the society in that country or territory will collect those royalties and forward them to APRA to pay our members. Please note that the royalties collected and distributed will depend on the distribution practices and procedures of the society in that territory. If your works have been performed live or broadcast in a foreign country, please follow this link to complete the appropriate form which will enable us to follow up these claims for you.
To begin with, all songwriters within the band must agree on the percentage splits for each work with each writer before registering the work with APRA|AMCOS. Once the percentage splits have been agreed upon, only one of the writers then needs to register these songs with APRA|AMCOS via the membership login on the website. Only the musical work copyright owners (ie the songwriters and music publisher if applicable) should be credited in the APRA|AMCOS registration.
For more information, see Working With Co-Writers>>
The copyright in your songs is owned by the songwriters; it is not possible for a band entity to own copyright. For this reason, only individual songwriters can join APRA|AMCOS, not a band. If all people in the band write the songs, then all band members can join APRA|AMCOS. It's helpful if you can provide your band/performer name when completing your APRA|AMCOS writer membership application. Once you start registering your works with us, you will be asked to provide the songwriter information and the percentage ownership splits for each of the writers, and you will also need to list the performer/band name. This assists APRA|AMCOS in correctly tracking uses of your music.
Yes. The majority of New Zealand and Australian online and digital radio stations are simulcasts of their analogue versions, and this additional use is licensed under their standard APRA|AMCOS agreements.
Unlike digital radio or online radio stations, a webcaster is specific to the internet, i.e. they do not have an analogue equivalent.
For webcasters, it's still early days. Given the small amount of advertising revenue currently being generated by these services– their licence fees are a fraction of those paid by commercial radio broadcasters. This means that royalty distributions for streams by webcasters are incredibly small; keeping in mind the vast number of hours of music programming and the significantly lower licence fees we collect.
APRA|AMCOS has a licensing agreement in place with YouTube and we have made two distributions since its implementation. APRA|AMCOS’ licence agreement with YouTube covers the streaming of all music videos including music embedded in user generated content (UGC). However, because of problems in identifying music in UGC, distributions are only made on official music videos.
You may find that your works have been being reproduced or synchronised as part of other users’ uploaded content to YouTube. It is important to understand that the reproduction/synchronisation rights of a work are owned by the original copyright owner/music publisher. Therefore, a work cannot be used without gaining permission from the original creator (that means you!).
If you discover that your musical work has been used without your consent, there are two options available:
APRA has a licence agreement in place with MySpace which is based on a flat fee agreement. Given the significant number of music creators using the service, royalty distributions from MySpace have been relatively small.
For any covers put on a User Generated Content site (UGC), all reproduction/synchronisation rights need to be cleared with the music publishers/original copyright owners. However, if you do find yourself in a situation where your work has been used without your consent you can either, contact the person who has used your work and license them directly or contact us and we will endeavour to have the video taken down from YouTube on your behalf.
In some cases we license overseas entities who have made their service available in APRA|AMCOS territories and in other cases we rely on our reciprocal agreements with our sister societies around the work to report back to us music use on various online services.
The International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) is the international identification system for sound recordings and music video recordings. APRA does not issue ISRCS. RIANZ is the New Zealand International Standard Recording Code national agency, and it administers ISRCs. For more information about the ISRC system, or to apply for an ISRC for your recordings, please ring RIANZ on (09) 360 50 85 or visit the RIANZ website www.rianz.org.nz
APRA|AMCOS has a licence agreement in place with most Digital Service Providers (DSPs) in New Zealand and Australia. We distribute royalties for any of our members’ works sold over a licensed service within our territory (Australia/ New Zealand). If your songs are available on a download service, please make sure that you provide the ‘performer name’ at the time of registering your works.
If you are recording a cover version of a work and wish to sell it as a digital download on a US-based download service, you are required to take out a licence with the Harry Fox Agency (AMCOS equivalent in the USA). Go to www.harryfox.com and head to their Songfile Mechanical Licensing tool. In cases where the Harry Fox Agency do not represent the work, you may be able to obtain a compulsory licence via RightsFlow – see www.rightsflow.com and head to the Limelight licensing area.
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